How does overtime work in Germany?

Article author
Fabi Lopez
  • Updated

Overtime refers to hours worked beyond your regular weekly schedule. Pay rates for overtime may vary and are generally higher than standard hourly rates. For accurate overtime payment processing, Remote requires employers to provide information about the employees total overtime hours worked and whether these were during weekdays, weekends, or public holidays.

Note: Please note that overtime payments are not automatic. It's important that employers submit overtime hours for payroll to evaluate if the employee is entitled to them. 

Eligibility

  • Overtime eligibility: Not all employees are automatically eligible for overtime pay. Eligibility and rules should be detailed in your employment contract.
  • Part-time employees: Typically not expected to work overtime.
  • (Expectant) mothers: Cannot be required to work overtime.
  • Disabled employees: May be exempt from overtime with proper documentation.

Workweek limit

In Germany, the legal maximum workweek, including overtime, is 48 hours. However, specific arrangements in your employment contract or collective agreements may adjust this limit.

Is overtime pay subject to tax?

Overtime is taxed the same as regular pay and it increases yearly income, leading to higher taxes for the employee. Employers also pay social security on this overtime. In tax reports, overtime isn't listed separately but included in the total yearly earnings.

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